White City, Black City
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White City, Black City

Architecture and War in Tel Aviv and Jaffa

By Sharon Rotbard

The intertwined histories of the construction of the gleaming white Bauhaus-inspired city of Tel Aviv and the dismantling of the Arab city of Jaffa.





The intertwined histories of the construction of the gleaming white Bauhaus-inspired city of Tel Aviv and the dismantling of the Arab city of Jaffa.

The history of Tel Aviv, presented for a moment as an architectural history, can be seen as a part of a wider process in which the physical shaping of Tel Aviv and its political and cultural construction are intertwined, and plays a decisive role in the construction of the case, the alibi, and the apologetics of the Jewish settlement across the country.—White City, Black City

In 2004, the city of Tel Aviv was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site, an exemplar of modernism in architecture and town planning. Today, the Hebrew city of Tel Aviv gleams white against the desert sky, its Bauhaus-inspired architecture betraying few traces of what came before it: the Arab city of Jaffa. In White City, Black City, the Israeli architect and author Sharon Rotbard offers two intertwining narratives, that of colonized and colonizer. It is also a story of a decades-long campaign of architectural and cultural historical revision that cast Tel Aviv as a modernist “white city” emerging fully formed from the dunes while ignoring its real foundation—the obliteration of Jaffa. Rotbard shows that Tel Aviv was not, as a famous poem has it, built “from sea foam and clouds” but born in Jaffa and shaped according to its relation to Jaffa. His account is not only about architecture but also about war, destruction, Zionist agendas, erasure, and the erasure of the erasure.

Rotbard tells how Tel Aviv has seen Jaffa as an inverted reflection of itself—not shining and white but nocturnal, criminal, dirty: a “black city.” Jaffa lost its language, its history, and its architecture; Tel Aviv constructed its creation myth. White City, Black City—hailed upon its publication in Israel as ”path-breaking,” “brilliant,” and “a masterpiece”—promises to become the central text on Tel Aviv.

Praise for the Israeli edition of White City, Black City

“A path-breaking and brilliant analysis.”—Eyal Weizman, author of Hollow Land

“A challenging book that deserves to be read and argued.”—Tom Segev, Haaretz


$24.95 T ISBN: 9780262527729 256 pp. | 8 in x 5.375 in 100 b&w illus.


  • This Fanon-derived urban theory is useful in an array of cities—whether in the advanced capitalist countries, London, Paris, New York, or in the Global South, notably Rio de Janiero and Medellín (Forrest Hylton has carried out a similar and similarly successful analysis of it), in which the economic processes of capitalism and the direct violence of the state impose a racialized spatial order. (...)White City, Black City is, for all this, a book of very considerable merit and usefulness and an almost exemplary achievement.