The Social Foundations of Industrial Power challenges the theory of industrial convergence, which maintains that as societies become more modern, they develop increasingly similar industrial structures and industrial relations and "converge" to resemble a single model of the advanced industrial society. The book opens by analyzing the considerable differences between the pay scales for direct labor in French and German industry. It then takes up and summarizes the results of the authors' research into such questions as: How has the wage-labor relation developed in each society? How are skills developed in the labor force (the educational factor)? What circumstances affect job mobility (the occupational factor)? How are authority relations established within the firm, and what kind of cooperation exists between labor and management (the organizational factor)? How are conflicts resolved (the industrial relations factor)? The authors' own theory is explained in relation to the prevailing economic theories of the labor market, theories of organization, and theories of industrial relations. And after empirical observation, they conclude that one can find no homogenization of French and German work relations and that, in fact, national specificities exist and are maintained through relations in education, training, and promotion.