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Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology

This series seeks to capture the traditional history of science and technology, and emphasizes explanations of the hard science practices that it seeks to historicize.

The Sciences of Policy in Britain and America, 1940-1960

The evolution of a set of fields—including operations research and systems analysis—intended to improve policymaking and explore the nature of rational decision-making.

Patents, HIV/AIDS, and Race

The history of the CCR5 gene as a lens through which to view such issues as intellectual property, Big Pharma, personalized medicine, and race and genomics.

Investigations of how the global Cold War shaped national scientific and technological practices in fields from biomedicine to rocket science.

How engineers and agricultural scientists became key actors in Franco’s regime and Spain’s forced modernization.

Neuroscience, Self, and Society in Nineteenth-Century Germany

A biography of an important but largely forgotten nineteenth-century scientist whose work helped lay the foundation of modern neuroscience.

Musical Experiments, Experimental Sounds, 1840-1910

An examination of how the scientific study of sound sensation became increasingly intertwined with musical aesthetics in nineteenth-century Germany and Austria.

The Origins of the Gaslight Industry, 1780-1820

An argument that the gas industry was the first integrated large-scale technological network and that it signaled a new wave of industrial innovation.

The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

The history of the growth and professionalization of American meteorology and its transformation into a physics- and mathematics-based scientific discipline.

A History of Quantum Chemistry

The evolution of a discipline at the intersection of physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

An analysis of Newton’s mathematical work, from early discoveries to mature reflections, and a discussion of Newton’s views on the role and nature of mathematics.

The rise and fall of the Islamic scientific tradition, and the relationship of Islamic science to European science during the Renaissance.

Zhores Alferov's Life in Communist Science

The life and work of a leading Soviet physicist and an exploration of the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science from Stalin through Gorbachev.

Arnold Sommerfeld and the Practice of Theory, 1890-1926

An intellectual and cultural history of the birth of theoretical physics in Germany, focusing on the pedagogy and research of a leader in work on the “older” quantum theory.

From Marconi’s Black-Box to the Audion

A new look at the early history of wireless communication.

The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1800

The first book to portray the birth of naval architecture as an integral part of the Scientific Revolution, examining its development and application across the major shipbuilding nations of Europe.

Science and Politics in the 1980s

The rise and fall of the concept of nuclear winter, played out in research activity, public relations, and Reagan-era politics.

French Industrialization in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1830
Physicists, Musicians, and Instrument Makers in Nineteenth-Century Germany
A Study in Translation and Transformation

A revisionist view of the history of German Darwinism examines the translation of Darwin’s work and its early reception in Germany.

Why Columbus Sailed South to the Indies

A radical revision of the geographical history of the discovery of the Americas that links Columbus’s southbound route with colonialism, slavery, and today’s divide between the industrialized North and the developing South.

A Genealogy of the Chemical Revolution
Engineering and Dictatorship in East Germany, 1945-1990

This analysis of the relationship between science and totalitarian rule in one of the most technically advanced countries in the East bloc examines professional autonomy under dictatorship and the place of technology in Communist ideology.

A Historical Ontology

A history of raw materials and chemical substances from the late seventeenth to the early nineteenth centuries that scrutinizes the modes of identification and classification used by chemists and learned practitioners of the period, examining the ways in which their practices and understanding of the material objects changed.

At the Crossroads of Biology, Politics, and Culture, 1500-1870

The cultural history of heredity: scholars from a range of disciplines discuss the evolution of the concept of heredity, from the Early Modern understanding of the act of "generation" to its later nineteenth-century definition as the transmission of characteristics across generations.

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